Answering the Outsourcing Question

A lot of the people I work with are confused about how to respond to “let’s close the print shop and save a bundle.”

There are a lot of excuses put forward to justify closing an in-plant. One frequently used excuse is the cost of new equipment and the organization’s inability or unwillingness to modernize. Investing in printing equipment drains resources that would otherwise be invested in “core business processes,” or so the argument goes.

The vendors, and the print media to some extent, have been telling us that we must have the newest, latest, most technologically advanced equipment to be competitive. Shortsighted upper-level managers take that to mean the in-plant can’t be the low-cost supplier unless the organization makes a huge investment in equipment—and that’s not likely to happen, especially in today’s economy.

So they shut down the in-plant and expect to see large reductions in print spending. Too bad it’s not that easy.

The problem is, it’s not all about the equipment. Up-to-date equipment is important, but it’s not the only thing. Successful printing companies are not the ones that have been able to invest in four- to eight-color presses to “stay ahead of the competition.” Judging from the number of e-mails I get offering to sell “like-new” five- and six-color presses for bargain rates, a lot of commercial shops with big iron have closed.

Successful printing companies are those that get a handle on their costs, keep quality and productivity high, and provide knock-your-socks-off customer service. Remember that a lot of high quality four-color work is still being produced on old two-color presses. The two-color may take twice as long to run a job, but it’s paid for, and the hourly rate is probably more than 50 percent lower than the rate of a $1.5 million four-color press. If these guys plan their work, they can be the low-cost producer in a lot of situations. The advantage that the big presses do offer is the ability to do work faster. But sometimes taking a little longer to do a job is OK if it’s reflected in lower cost.

Ray Chambers, CGCM, MBA, has invested over 30 years managing and directing printing plants, copy centers, mail centers and award-winning document management facilities in higher education and government.

Most recently, Chambers served as vice president and chief information officer at Juniata College. Chambers is currently a doctoral candidate studying Higher Education Administration at the Pennsylvania State University (PSU). His research interests include outsourcing in higher education and its impact on support services in higher education and managing support services. He also consults (Chambers Management Group) with leaders in both the public and private sectors to help them understand and improve in-plant printing and document services operations.

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